He wrote the gospel of john, three epistles, and the book of revelation. Chapter 21 states that the book derives from the testimony of the disciple whom jesus loved and. John of patmos also called john the revelator, john the divine, john the theologian, and possibly john the apostle. The apostle john was later freed, possibly due to old age, and he returned to what is now turkey. In fact, there is no good evidence at all that the apostle john wrot. John founded and built churches all through asia until he was old, and died the sixtyeighth year after our lords passion, peacefully in ephesus. He directed his associate, nathan, in the writing of the socalled gospel according to john, at ephesus, when he was ninetynine years old. John and his brother james, another disciple of jesus, were fishermen on the sea. Then he was exiled to patmos for preaching the gospel, where he received the revelation from christ and wrote the book of revelation. Eastern feast days may 8 and september 26, in christian tradition, an apostle of jesus and the author of three letters, the fourth gospel, and possibly the revelation to john in the new testament. The author is the apostle john, the disciple whom jesus loved. Five new testament books have been attributed at various times to the disciple john, son of zebedee. Lazarus, not john, was the disciple whom jesus loved.
Yet only onethe gospel of johnclaims to be an eyewitness account, the testimony of the unnamed disciple whom jesus loved. The gospels, the first four books of the new testament, tell the story of the life of jesus. How old was the apostle john when he wrote revelation. However, upon closer study, there is another follower of jesus that is a stronger candidate that you have likely not considered. Based on analyses of the texts and the theology contained in them, if the apostle john wrote the book of revelation, he could not have written the gospel that now bears his name. Euangelion kata ioannen is the fourth of the canonical gospels. Not surprisingly, the gospel of john never provides the name of its author. The bible does not give us details on how the apostle john died, but tradition gives us a few theories. John wrote the book of john to his friend gauis, his helper in the church. Matthew, mark, and luke tell of the birth, life, crucifixion and resurrection of jesus, but they stress more what jesus did than who he is.
It is written anonymously, although it identifies an unnamed disciple whom. Book of john overview insight for living ministries. The author then wrote, this is the disciple which testifieth of these things, and wrote these things fourth gospel 21. In the first it was shown that the apostle john wasnt the disciple whom jesus loved the author of the fourth gospel. John the apostle, the beloved disciple of jesus, there has been considerable discussion of the actual identity of. Three names appear in the new testament for this early christian. Irenaeus even writes that when he himself was young, he knew another teacher, polycarp, bishop of smyrna c.
The first book attributed to john was the fourth gospel, which is therefore now known as. Church tradition has held that john is the author of the gospel of john and four other books of the new testament the three. We know that the apostle john was exiled for his faith late in life revelation 1. Traditionally, john the gospel writer was the disciple whom jesus loved. Gods word is better than nonbible sources, and a better bible study method proves this is also true when it comes to the book that men wrongly labeled the gospel of john. Mar 14, 2020 there are four versions of the life of jesus in the new testament but, lets face it, everyone has a favorite. All three synoptic gospels record an account of jesus calling a tax collector. We get the vast majority of our information about john from the pages of the four gospels. In light of the strong ancient evidence, one can claim with confidence that john wrote the letters attributed to him in ephesus. The apostle john had the distinction of being a beloved friend of jesus christ, writer of five books of the new testament, and a pillar in the early christian church. For most people, that preferred version is the gospel of john. Jan 03, 2008 john mark, who was a friend of the disciple peter, wrote the book of mark.
This summary of the gospel of john provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the gospel of john. John the baptist was to record all about the spirit of the christ, that is the christ before he was born into the world as jesus, the christ as jesus and the christ again, after the flesh body of jesus had died. John is also associated with the pseudepigraphal apocryphal text of the acts of john, which is traditionally viewed as written by john himself or his disciple, leucius charinus. First, the book itself identifies the author as the disciple whom jesus loved. The text of revelation states that john was on patmos, a greek island where. Jesus and the hidden contradictions of the gospels. He claimed, based on the writing style and the lack of an apostolic claim in the book, john the elder presbyter was the author not john the apostle. John was part of jesus inner circle and, along with peter and james, john was given the privilege of. In john, the entire book is showing that jesus was, is, and always will be deity. Throughout the gospel thomas is presented as a person of. The apostle john also known as saint john was one of jesus christs 12 disciples, and a prominent leader in the early christian church.
Speaking of the apocalypse from the previous post giving that odd video. Everyones favorite gospel, the gospel of john, is a forgery. And luke, who was pauls doctor, wrote the book of luke and the acts of the apostles. Traditions in the early church linked this book to the apostle john, one of the sons of zebedee, and considered him to be the disciple whom jesus loved, as this character is frequently named in the gospel. He was prominent in the early church but is not mentioned by name in this gospel which would be natural if he wrote it, but hard to explain otherwise. Lazarus, not john, was the disciple whom jesus loved alan. This disciple was one of the sons of zebedee who followed our lord. Gospel according to john, fourth of the four new testament gospels and the only account not considered among the synoptic gospels.
When mary died, john went to ephesus and wrote his three epistles. The book of john is not like the book of matthew, mark, or luke which cover the same period of time. History of john the disciple of jesus jesus christ. Matthew and luke follow the version of events in mark, which is thought by scholars to be the earliest and most historically accurate gospel. Bart ehrman, the author of jesus, interrupted, says they are at odds with. Gospel according to john, fourth of the four new testament narratives recounting the life and death of jesus christ. Near the end of his life, it is said that he constantly repeated the phrase, little children, love one another.
John the apostle, also called saint john the evangelist or saint john the divine, flourished 1st century ce. The apostle john is the author of five new testament books. During his life, john wrote the book of john and the 1st, 2nd and 3rd book of john and the book of revelation. Johns third and final letter was written to the elder, to my dear friend gaius, whom i love in the truth 3rd john 1.
Johns is the only one of the four not considered among the synoptic gospels i. John traveled much, labored incessantly, and after becoming bishop of the asia churches, settled down at ephesus. John was part of jesus inner circle and, along with peter and james, john was given the privilege of witnessing jesus. John the apostle continued to follow christ and stood with jesus mother entrusted to his care at the foot of the cross. He encouraged all believers to love jesus and love one another. Everyones favorite gospel, the gospel of john, is a. Why do they say the book of john and revelation were not. I agree with you, but john the baptist was the one who really wrote the gospel of jesus according to john and the book of revelation. This summary of the book of 1 john provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of 1 john.
The closest we get to a claim of authorship is at the very end of the book of john, where the author implies that the book was written by the disciple whom jesus loved john 21. John the apostle was the son of zebedee and the younger brother of james, son of zebedee james the greater. In the book of john, jesus talks about himself and proclaims who he is. Church tradition has held that john is the author of the gospel of john and four other books of the new testament the. Polycarp, a secondcentury christian martyr who knew john personally, told irenaeus that john had written the book during the apostles time serving the church in ephesus. Feb 06, 2019 before jesus died on the cross, he entrusted his mother mary to johns careassuming john actually is the beloved disciple john 19. According to the traditional view of these three letters, they were written by john the son of zebedee, one of the twelve apostles, most likely the beloved disciple in the gospel of john. Dec 26, 2019 the three letters of john are among the last written in the apostolic era. However, two significant factors point to the identification of john as the author. According to church tradition, their mother was salome he was first a disciple of john the baptist. Patristic evidence seems to confirm that john wrote the gospel. These factors suggest that john wrote the book between ad 85 and ad 95. It is written anonymously, although it identifies an unnamed disciple whom jesus loved as the source of its.
The bestloved but least understood of the gospels, john presents a uniquely human portrait of courage and passion encompassing jesus entire. Patmos was a quarry mine for the roman empire, and was home to many political and religious prisoners or slaves. Along with james and peter, john was one of jesus closest confidants, and he is traditionally considered the author of the gospel of john. As we have there the formal close of what seems to have been the original gospel, we have here the formal close of the epilogue. Someone recently asked me if the same author could have written both the book of revelation and the gospel of john. Irenaeus, writing at about ad 200, says that the beloved disciple was john, the disciple of jesus, and that john originated the gospel at ephesus. Conclusion this bible study presented evidence in two cases. To learn the history of john, the disciple of jesus, we begin with his life before he met jesus. The book went through two to three stages, or editions, before reaching its current form, at the latest, around ad 80100. He is probably the unnamed disciple of john the baptist mentioned in john 1.
Many others believe the author was in fact a committee of unknown authors, editors, and redactorsthe johannine community. John, the apostle, was also known as the beloved disciple or the disciple jesus loved. John the apostle was one of the 12 disciples of christ. The gospel of john is the fourth of the canonical gospels. The most recent suggestion points to thomas as the beloved disciple. If revelation was not written by the disciple john, son of zebedee, this opens up questions for. John and his brother james, another disciple of jesus, were fishermen on the sea of galilee when jesus called them to follow him. Other new testament books accredited to john are the gospel of john, along with 1st, 2nd and 3rd john. While church tradition has attributed the gospel of john, the letters of john, and the book of revelation to the same authorjohn the apostle and son of zebedeeinternal and external evidence may require us to attribute them to other individuals who may. John mark, the writer of the gospel of mark, also served as a companion to the apostle paul in his missionary work and later assisted the apostle peter in rome. The identity of the beloved disciple or the one john calls disciple whom jesus loved is unnamed and has remained a mystery. Later he received a call to be a disciple of jesus christ matt. Christian tradition identifies this disciple as the apostle john, but while this idea still has supporters, for a variety of reasons the majority of modern scholars have abandoned it or hold it only tenuously.
It was widely circulated by the second century ce but deemed heretical at the second council of nicaea 787 ce. The context reveals he is the one called that disciple in verse 23 and the disciple whom jesus loved in verse 20. Who wrote the gospels, and how do we know for zondervan. John was known as an apostle, author, and the only apostle who was not killed by martyrdom, though not from lack of trying. He wrote it when he was about 92 years old, while a prisoner of rome on the remote desert penal colony of patmos, an island in the aegean sea. It speaks of an unnamed disciple whom jesus loved as the source of its traditions, but does not say specifically that he is its author. John the apostle, the beloved disciple of jesus, there has been considerable discussion of. We know that john was the younger brother of james and the son of zebedee mark 10. The gospel of john author question, who wrote the gospel of john. It is possible that john used an amanuensis to write the gospel and the first letter and wrote 2 and 3 john with his own hands. Before jesus died on the cross, he entrusted his mother mary to johns careassuming john actually is the beloved disciple john 19. Jun 21, 2014 the bestloved but least understood of the gospels, john presents a uniquely human portrait of courage and passion encompassing jesus entire threeyear ministry, the final years of his life. He also wrote the gospel of john and the book of revelation. This is the disciple who is testifying to these things and wrote these things, and we know that his testimony is true john 21.
Nonetheless, john is clearly the author of all four documents. John had a vision of jesus christ and wrote the prophetic book of revelation. His story extends many years past the earthly ministry of christ. John, the apostle archives childrens bible activities. There are four versions of the life of jesus in the new testament but, lets face it, everyone has a favorite. Asked in white fang who wrote the famous book called white fang. John, his brother james, peter, and andrew were all partners in the fishing business before they became disciples of jesus. We cannot tell who wrote johns gospel, and it is unclear which disciple is the one singled out as beloved. This disciple, present at the intimate moments of jesuss life claims to have written these things in the epilogue of the fourth gospel. John the apostle, there has been considerable discussion of the actual identity of the author. In what is known as the cave of the apocalypse located on this island, the sacred text of the book of revelation was given to the apostle john by jesus it is here that john recorded what is written in the new testament book of revelation. The disciple whom jesus loved who was that beloved disciple. According to scholars, the gospel of john was written by the beloved disciple john.
Though not directly stated, we know that john was called the beloved disciple, or the disciple whom jesus loved john 21. Below youll find kids bible lesson activities about john, the apostle, disciple, and friend of jesus. The author of johns gospel tells us that he has chosen not to record many of the. So as you can quickly see, these books were written by either a disciple of christ or a person that was a close associate of a disciple and used their words. The whole book is on line who was the disciple that jesus loved. Is john the baptist the same person that is in the bible in the new. John is traditionally regarded as the author of five books of the bible. He did that because he believed it was the lords most important commandment. While church tradition has attributed the gospel of john, the letters of john, and the book of revelation to the same authorjohn the apostle and son of zebedeeinternal and external evidence may require us to attribute them to other individuals who may or may not have also been named john. Which disciple wrote 5 new testament books answers. The apostle john is the author of the book of revelation. The three letters of john are among the last written in the apostolic era. Ignatiuss quotation of the fourth gospel illustrates that the book was viewed in a positive light and authoritative.851 68 1259 952 1541 501 706 131 920 442 723 324 1208 1536 357 754 1132 735 513 1092 959 579 1522 197 720 325 53 826 696 1059 707 488 1370 1492 735 225 1089 986 510 695 660 1223 1301 791 301 1409