At the end of the growing season remove all traces of your potato plants from the top and below soil even if they have no pests or diseases. Only sweet potato cuttings free of disease should be selected for bedding for plant production. Low in calories a medium sweet potato 2 inches in diameter and 5 inches in length baked in its skin is only 103 calories. The use of diseasefree mother roots treated with a recommended fungicide and planted in noninfested soils assures a black rotfree crop of sweet potatoes. Sweet potato facts and health benefits old farmers almanac. Sweetpotato ipomoa batatas l lam is among important crops in ethiopia. Soil rot is widespread and a major disease on sweet potato. The cooperation of commercial producers and home gardeners to control diseases. The cooperation of commercial producers and home gardeners to control diseases of great concern, such as late blight, is essential. Larvae and adult beetles feed on storage roots that have been damaged by other insects eg sweetpotato weevil or disease. Field and storage diseases of sweet potatoes auburn university. Studies have shown that under continuous cropping conditions, soilborne diseases of sweet potato are aggravated. Effects of continuous cropping of sweet potato on the fungal.
The process of properly selecting, curing and storing sweet potato roots for the production of slips vine cuttings is a key step in profitable sweet potato production. Sweet potatoes need a loamy soil with a ph between 5. Crops grown in heavy clay loams produce irregular shaped tubers. Whether you decide to plant in beds or in grow bags, choose a spot that provides fullsunlight for most of the day. Nonconventional energy sources solar, wind seem promising for aeroponics.
Sweet potato originated from tropical central america. Age of cultivars varieties cutting means months gem miguela chipper bonara for ages tuber weight per plant kg 2 1. Control of sweet potato virus diseases 39 the virus is best maintained in n. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. This is converted into vitamin a, which has the ability to reduce the risk of certain cancers. Especially important is the high percentage of betacarotene found in sweet potatoes. Click download or read online button to sweet potato book pdf for free now. Potato diseases and pests, description, uses, propagation. High quality tubers are best produced on fertile, well drained, sandy loams. Sweet potato diseases and their control international society for. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. The virus can be purified according to liao, chien, chung, chiu, and han 1979. Compendium of potato diseases download ebook pdf, epub. Remember, poorquality seed roots will not produce the quality slips needed for the establishment and production of highyielding sweet potato crops.
Manual on quality seed potato production using aeroponics 8 aeroponics can significantly increase income or reduce the production costs of quality potato seed to make it more accessible to growers. Sweet potato download sweet potato ebook pdf or read online books in pdf, epub, and mobi format. Section 5 potato fact sheets 77 potato and biodiversity 78 production of disease free seed tubers 80 potato pest and disease management 82 potato and soil conservation 84 potato and water resources 86 potato and food price inflation 88 bibliography 91 contents. The crop is sensitive to drought at tuber initiation stage 5060 days after planting. Ppt potato diseases powerpoint presentation free to view.
Leafblight, leafspot, and whiterust have never been serious enough to. Oct 02, 2019 studies have shown that under continuous cropping conditions, soilborne diseases of sweet potato are aggravated. The tubers can range in color from yellow to red or purple depending on the variety. These diseases are easily identified and if treated early enough, the plants may be saved. Reduce spread of fusarium root rot to sprouts in transplant beds by planting diseasefree roots treated with fungicides. Click download or read online button to get compendium of potato diseases book now. Row covers will prevent beetles from feeding on young plants.
Nutritional and medicinal qualities of sweetpotato tops and. Smallscale technology and practices for sweet potato growing in southeast oklahoma 3 w e found several advantages to growing sweet potatoes on planting ridges as opposed to flatplanting, especially in wet years when waterlogging and diseases might become an issue. Insects such as leafhopper and psyllids cause injuries to the potato that are often confused with diseases caused by infectious organisms. Saving your own seed potatoes is generally not worthwhile because viruses and other diseases often show up the next year. Antioxidants help reduce your risk of chronic diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disease. But this elimination of field diseases must be coupled with a wellregulated system of storage, the first requisite of which is a thoroughly disinfected house free from the. The young leaves and shoots are sometimes eaten as greens. Since reducing the prevalence of chronic diseases is of public health concern, promoting the consumption of sweet potato leaves warrants further. Sweet potatoes gained some popularity as a lowercarb potato in the early 2000s. The sweet potato is suitable for growing in zones 311 as an annual, and zones 811 as a perennial. The weather plays a big part in the health of a potato crop.
Potato diseases are caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, mycoplasmas, a viroid, nematode m festations, and by abiotic, or noninfectious, entities. High relative humidity or free water is necessary for. The potato plant has a branched stem and alternately arranged leaves consisting of leaflets which are both of unequal size and shape. Its large, starchy, sweettasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable. Sweet potato production from slips johnnys selected seeds.
More consumer familiarity with fresh sweet potatoes and increases in sweet potato fry consumption contribute to the increase. But this elimination of field diseases must be coupled with a wellregulated system of storage, the first requisite of which is a thoroughly disinfected house free from the numerous storagerot germs. Not only are sweet potatoes very easy to grow, they are also drought and heattolerant, and have few pests or diseases. Smallscale technology and practices for sweet potato growing. Common diseases of irish potatoes in home gardens are described below. Nutritional and medicinal qualities of sweetpotato tops and leaves shahidul islam professor plant science sweetpotato ipomoea batatas l. Compendium of potato diseases, second edition includes uptodate information on diseases and disorders affecting potatoes worldwide. Lam is the sixth most important food crop in the world, and new uses for this crop have been identified. For advice on how to grow potatoes solanum tuberosum, see hgic 17, potato. This article is a list of diseases of the sweet potato, ipomoea batatas bacterial diseases. Late blight is especially damaging during cool, wet. Pests, diseases and disorders of sweetpotato applied.
Nutritional and medicinal qualities of sweetpotato tops. Several diseases affect potato plants, but the most common diseases are blight, verticillium wilt and rhizoctonia canker. Sweet potato is next to cassava manihot esculenta crantz in acreage, widespread cultivation, diversified uses etc. Potato, solanum tuberosum, is an herbaceous perennial plant in the family solanaceae which is grown for its edible tubers. The adult sweet potato weevil has a striking color and form, which makes it. Transplanting machines are available for mechanically planting sweet potato slips. Remember, poorquality seed roots will not produce the quality slips needed for the establishment and production of highyielding sweet potato. The most common type of sweet potato found in us markets is the moist.
Virus particles are flexuous rods, 750790 nm in length. Pdf on aug 2, 2014, lynn brandenberger and others published sweet potato production find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Many diseases can increase significantly during the storage period, and management of the environmental conditions in the potato storage is often a critical component of control. Potatoes left in the ground will eventually rot causing pest and disease. Ppt potato diseases powerpoint presentation free to. Moisture and temperature conditions may trigger certain diseases, which will spread rapidly through the potato rows.
The sweet potato evolved in tropical america and ranked second only to the irish potato as an important vegetable until world war ii. You may have a disease problem in the potato patch one year and none at all the next. Potato may also be referred to as, spud, irish potato, white potato or spanish potato and originates from south america. Control may be necessary for flea beetles, japanese beetles, sweet potato leaf beetles, and wireworms. It is also not tolerant to water logging which can cause tuber rot. Sep 21, 2017 several diseases affect potato plants, but the most common diseases are blight, verticillium wilt and rhizoctonia canker. Effects of continuous cropping of sweet potato on the.
When the infestation is heavy, it can damage up to 100% of the crops. If the diseases are not caught early enough, the entire plant should be removed. Sweet potato belongs to convolvulaceae family with more than a hundred developing countries, known to cultivate sweet potato and are ranked the 5 th most essential foodstuff in over 50 of those countries and globally, 7 th amongst the entire food production, but has lesser experimental work than other staples such as potato solanum tuberosum and wheat triticum aestivum. It is annually produced on 53,000 hectares of land with total production around 4,240 tons and average productivity of 8. Wireworm damage is best prevented by avoiding fields that were grass the prior year. To prevent such from happening, it is vital to learn the fundamentals of how to get rid of sweet potato weevils. Research has affirmed the potential cardioprotective and chemopreventive advantages of consuming sweet potato leaves, thus indicating that increased consumption of this vegetable should be advocated. Black rot is a disease of sweetpotato caused by the fungus ceratocystis fimbriata.
The sweet potato or sweetpotato ipomoea batatas is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, convolvulaceae. Always purchase certified disease free potato tubers. Benefits of the sweet potato include high levels of vitamins a and c, iron, potassium, and dietary fiber. This article is a list of diseases of the sweet potato, ipomoea batatas. This is a potentially serious disease of potato and tomato, caused by the fungus phytophthora infestans. The seed potato industry in montana seed potatoes are an important crop in montana and are a crucial quality seed source for potato production across the united states. Sweet potatoes infected with field diseases should never be placed in storage, for heavy loss will follow. Download compendium of potato diseases or read online books in pdf, epub, tuebl, and mobi format.
Sustainable potato production food and agriculture. The sweet potato is commonly thought to be a type of potato. Download pdf sweet potato free online new books in. Jeeva central tuber crops research institute, thiruvananthapuram695 017, india corresponding author. The key elements to a healthy crop of potatoes are good hygiene and crop rotation. Sweetpotato beetle 27 sweetpotato leafminer 28 sweetpotato tortoise beetle 29 weevil sweetpotato 30 weevil west indian 32 weevil whitefringed 33 wireworm false 34 wireworm true 35 diseases alternaria leaf spot 38 bacterial soft rot 39 dry rot 40 fusarium root rot 41 fusarium wilt 42 little leaf 43 pox 44 scab 45 scurf 46. Use only seed roots free of black rot and other diseases. The adult sweet potato weevil has a striking color and form, which makes it easier to notice as against the younger stages. Jun 27, 2019 when the infestation is heavy, it can damage up to 100% of the crops. Remember, poorquality seed roots will not produce the quality slips needed for the establishment and production of.
Sweet potato diseases and pests, description, uses, propagation. A summary of some important aspects of the 20 diseases and defects discussed in this bulletin can be found in table 1. The leaflets can be oval to oblong in shape and the leaves can reach 1030 cm 412 in in length and 515 cm 26 in wide. Martins effect of age of planting material onyields of sweet potato from cuttings, tropical root and tuber crops newsletter 15. Its large, starchy, sweet tasting, tuberous roots are a root vegetable.
Optimization of seed potato production by aeroponics is still. Pdf since the introduction of sweet potato ipomoea batatas l. The sweet potato is commonly thought to be a type of potato solanum tuberosum but does not belong to the nightshade. Since its first publication 20 years ago, key pathogens and management practices have greatly expanded, and the international importance of many pathogens has. For example, root rot is a devastating soilborne disease of sweet potato caused by fusarium, which seriously affects the yield and quality of sweet potato li et al. It is a good source of sugars, carbohydrates, calcium, iron, and other minerals and vitamins, particularly a and c.
Young leaves at the tips of vines turn yellow while older leaves wilt then drop so that the center of the hill becomes bare. Accoiding to irfth, columbus discovered the sweet potato in cuba on his iiist voyage to. Antioxidants sweet potatoes are high in antioxidants compared to other vegetables. Sweet potatoes arent started by seed like most other vegetables, theyre started from slipssmall rooted pieces of tuber which are sliced right off the sweet potato.660 41 954 1345 545 761 1471 128 597 1013 1249 159 880 584 1539 164 1247 768 78 1094 588 493 958 1304 1104 48 908 569 312 525 1454 1076 1346 1302 825 69 874 1034 602 1181 1203 24 1155 483 1306