Cotton in the united republic of tanzania is handpicked and provides an income for about 40% of the population. Actif in kenya, tanzania cotton board in tanzania, sudan cotton company ltd. Cotton in tanzania is mainly grown on small scale farms ranging from 0. Adoption of maize production technologies in southern. Constraints and challenges in a global environment africa region working paper series no. Nearly 99 percent of tanzania s cotton is grown in the northwest, near lake victoria figure 1. Tanzanian smallholder farmers are involved in the production of. The road network in mwanza region is even for tanzanian standards in a very bad. Adoption of maize production technologies in central tanzania. The paper summarises a wide range of information on the production and trade of west african cotton and its social and economic importance for the region. Analysis of cotton byproducts survey in tanzania unctad.
Adoption of maize production technologies in western. This study of the adoption of maize production technologies in central tanzania forms part of a larger study to evaluate the impact of maize research and extension throughout tanzania over the past 20 years. Maize production technologies in southern tanzania. Maize accounts for 31% of the total food production and. Profiling of expected typical investors and investments would be an important output.
Presentation by the national bureau of statistics of tanzania. Shinyanga and mwanza are the two largest cotton growing regions in tanzania. Pdf supply response of maize in tanzania researchgate. F international maize and wheat improvement center cimmyt, the united republic of tanzania, and the southern africa centre for cooperation in agricultural research saccar. Adoption of maize production technologies in southern tanzania. Pdf the objective of this study was to analyze supply response of maize in tanzania. A new initiative aims to tackle the unscrupulous agents and lack of credit that stop tanzanian. In the 1960s, the country produced large amounts of sisal and was the worlds.
Over two million hectares of maize are planted per year with average yields of 1. Maize is the one of the most important food crops in tanzania, it comprises 45% of the cultivated area. This is an applied research study of a descriptivesurveying kind. Therefore, firms which combine several business activities in the cotton value. The government of the united republic of tanzania he reinafter referred to as the government. Figure 1 tanzanias major cotton production zone is located near lake victoria. Martinez 2002 however argued that, in practice many contracts combine elements of all. The government of the united republic of tanzania hereinafter referred to as the.
Biomass materials woody biomass and agroforestry waste can be converted into solid biofuels, whose production in tanzania rose by 19% over the period 200820, from 707,239tj to 839,4tj. Cotton is tanzanias second largest export crop after coffee and africas fourthlargest producer of cotton after mali, burkina faso and egypt. Tanzanias industrial sector has evolved through various stages since independence in 1961, from nascent. Cotton development trust fund, agrochemical companies, the tanzania government and tanzania gatsby trust to a total of 473,329,560 for both, during the. This report of the adoption of maize production technologies in southern tanzania forms part of. It is important to note that the total cotton seed and lint production in the country as reported by tcb differs with fao. Though tanzania is the largest producer of maize in east africa, the country still faces lots of challenges of achieving full business potential. An alternative source for lint and seed production in urt is provided by the tanzania cotton board tcb figure 3. Fao giews country brief on united republic of tanzania. Analysis of incentives and disincentives for cotton in the united.
Second, we construct a lewie model for tanzanias lake zone, using econometric analysis of microsurvey data, and use it to simulate the zonewide impacts of a productivityincreasing technological change in smallscale cotton production under alternative market conditions and. Sisal accounts for a large proportion of the world supply of. Agriculture has remained the dominant production part of the economy, and its share. It does not neglect the fact that tanzanias largest ever cotton crop of 376,000 tons of seed cotton was achieved in 200506 or that government and farmers initiatives over time have been serious and have had some success. Agricultural price and marketing policy in tanzania core. There is considerable variability in cotton production in tanzania, where cotton. The cotton sector of tanzania english the world bank. An overview by karin mader csr advisor and certified sustainability reporter corporateresponsibility. Greater emphasis on cleaning up the cotton production process, from picking to packing, has already produced impressive results for tanzanian producers, with some reducing contamination by more than 60%. In tanzania, trade liberalization has been implemented under the aegis of breton. Cotton is tanzanias largest export crop after coffee. Trade liberalization and the structure of production in tanzania.
Cotton is grown predominantly by smallholder farmers in tanzania. They solidified support for contract farming at high levels of government and in. The report also draws from a number of studies and reports conducted by various. This study of the adoption of maize production technologies in western tanzania forms part of a larger study to evaluate the impact of maize research and extension throughout tanzania over the past 20 years. In most occasions, a merger can be regarded as a takeover since, by definition, a merger usually results. In 2006 the cotton industry attained a crop harvest of 126,229 metric tons of lint for the.
Expanding beyond blood, zipline plans to provide other highpriority medical products like anti venom and rabies vaccines in tanzania. Implication of rainfall variability on maize production in. Tanzania s industrial sector contributes around 25% to the countrys gdp and experienced an average annual growth of 8% over the past 5 years. World lint prices fell in real terms by more than 60% between 1950 and 2000. Explaining productivity variation among smallholder maize. The study used error correction mechanism ecm approach due to. High marketing costs and inefficient policies in tanzania.
General questions regarding cotton production and marketing were discussed at these meetings and the farmers views and opinions on the liberalization of cotton marketing were sought. Maize production is the major and most preferred staple food and cash crop in tanzania rates, 2003. Tanzanian cotton sector we are working with local institutions to restructure tanzanias cotton sector and build supportive markets to ensure more than 400,000 farmers can access the quality inputs and training they need to improve agronomy, increase yields and boost incomes. This report of the adoption of maize production technologies in southern tanzania forms part of a larger study to evaluate the impact of maize research and extension throughout t anzania. It is the only agency in tanzania mandated to provide official statistics to the government, business community and the public at large. Record tanzania cotton production of 580,000 bales was set in my 200506. The cotton sector of tanzania africa region working paper series no. According to tcb, the production of cotton lint for the 2005. This paper presents a study to identify and assess the challenges of cotton production in the tolon district of the northern region. Identify and assess the challenges of cotton production in. It accounts for 31 per cent of the total food production and constitutes more than 75 per cent of the cereal consumption in the country. Tanzania cotton board tcb our mission to improve the production, productivity and profitability of cotton by maximizing the compliance to rules and regulations that safeguard the quality of cotton sold both locally and abroad. Establishment of fcc is a significant step in tanzanias effort to establish a market economy. Sisal agave sisalana is the plant which yields the sisal fiber.
Characterization of maize producing households in manyoni. Tanzania cotton association tca is deeply appreciating of all the stakeholders who contributed their inputs to the elaboration of cotton to clothing strategy. This book tells the story of cotton in tanzania, which illustrates both the potential of the crop and the factors which have held it back. Fcc is mandated to control mergers and acquisitions that have the effects of. Bt cotton to limit crop losses due to insect attacks 16 development of bt commercial cotton cultivars and hybrids 20 production of bt cotton cultivars and hybrids and their seed provision 21. Characterization of maize producing households in manyoni and chamwino districts in tanzania. The transformation of the pure government department geared towards improving the performance for the production and dissemination of statistics.
Brazil this year, with uganda, tanzania, and benin also achieving high growth on the. Using a structured questionnaire, researchers and extension officers interviewed farmers in junenovember 1995. Sisal derives its name from the port of sisal in yucatan in mexico. It accounts for about 85 percent of over 5 million hectares cultivated per year. Cotton, an important cash crop for african smallholder farmers 7 2. The ecga includes manyara, morogoro, coast, kilimanjaro, tanga and iringa regions and accounts for the remaining % of cotton production. High marketing costs and inefficient policies in tanzanias maize market a poverty perspective sergiy zorya and shireen mahdi this note is a technical document of the staff of the world bank and does not represent an official position of the world bank or of its executive board. Main impediments affecting the development of the cotton industry in. The 2019 aggregate cereal production including an average output of the vuli harvest, to be harvested in early 2020 in bi. Stakeholders perspectives provided by economic and social research foundation esrf introduction the german settlers did the introduction of the cotton and textile production in tanzania around 1904 but the industry was developed in. It aims to provide impartial information on this subsector that can be a lasting resource to inform debate between west african actors and the. Tanzania cotton board tanzania chamber of commerce. The cotton to clothing strategy of tanzania is a five.
Cotton sector organisation models and their impact on farmers. Cotton is generally planted in northwestern tanzania in december, with harvesting and marketing beginning in late june or early july. The political and economic context in tanzania fatma please correct or add to sections on zanzibar throughout the report the united republic of tanzania is the largest country in east africa. Report talks about the manufacturing production, consumption, import and export with prices and market trends, government regulations, growth forecast, major. Why tanzanias cotton crop is still bound up with poverty this article is more than 8 years old. Pdf a collection of agricultural background information for. The study identifies the situation of tanzania and predicts the growth of its manufacturing market. In many cases researcher will be given a booklist or directed towards areas of useful publishedwork. Analysis of incentives and disincentives for cotton in the. A comprehensive analysis needs to combine the revenues that are obtained for all the. Researcher first need to decide what heshe need to read.
Economic and social importance of cotton production and. Partnering with the government of tanzania, zipline will use. The general industrial structure of tanzania is comprised of manufacturing 53%, processing 43%, and assembling industries 4%. Raw cotton, cotton lint and cotton seed production in tanzania. Problems of cotton production and marketing in bunda district 7 the focus groups consisted of from 12 to 17 people. Tanzania may double cotton production to a fouryear high next season as stronger prices for the fiber encourage farmers in the worlds fourthbiggest producer of the organic variety to increase. Value chain analysis of the cotton market in tanzania. The united republic of tanzania overview of the tourism sector. Why tanzanias cotton crop is still bound up with poverty.225 1246 1305 639 899 262 359 124 756 1519 1506 1386 1339 161 1528 969 329 319 1422 1260 234 251 457 1102 791 1312 1473 1064